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What common test procedures are available?
Dual energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) and Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) are the most common tests available.
Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) is a screening procedure that is easy to use, reasonable in cost and without radiation exposure. QUS measurement of the wrist and/or heel can predict fracture risk because sound transmission through bone is related to bone density and skeletal strength. After placing your bare foot on the machine, high-frequency sound waves are transmitted through your heel. If you are found to have low bone mass, a DXA test may be recommended by your physician to diagnose osteoporosis and fully assess the risk of bone fracture.
DXA delivers a dual-energy low-dose x-ray to distinguish between bone and soft tissue, giving an accurate measurement of bone density at the hip and spine. The technique is favored by the healthcare professionals due to its ability to evaluate multiple areas of the skeleton, especially hip and spine.
During the test, you lie on a padded platform for a few minutes while an imager — a mechanical arm-like device — passes over your body. It won't touch you. The test does, however, emit radiation, though your exposure during a bone density test is usually only about one-tenth of the amount emitted during a chest X-ray.
Both tests will generate a T-score to be evaluated by your physician. The T-score is compared to the benchmark standard issued by the World Health Organization.
· Normal: T-score above -1.0.
· Low Bone Mass (Osteopenia): T-score between -1.0 and -2.5.
· Osteoporosis: T-score below -2.5.
Your risk of fractures dramatically increase with the deterioration of your T-score. Studies suggest that for every decrease in T-score by 1 at the spine or hip, your risk of fracture increases 2-3 times.
What can I do if I am diagnosed with low bone mass/osteoporosis?
Rebuilding your bone is a quality-of-life commitment. It is best to follow a personalized bone health program such as the OstiGen Bone Health Program™ recommended by your physician. USFP offers the OstiGen™ in conjunction with your healthcare provider to diagnose, reduce the risk of low bone mass/osteoporosis and monitor your progress.
This program will be centered OstiGen™ - an advanced organic source-derived bone-building and maintenance – to help you rebuild your bones. The physician may also recommend lifestyle changes including weight-bearing exercises, changes in diet, and a wellness program to reduce stress.
In severe cases, a drug therapy may be prescribed in combination with OstiGen™ to reduce bone loss and bone fractures.
When you are on the OstiGen™ Program, follow-up care and assessment will be recommended. A NTx test will be conducted in month 3 and thereafter when necessary to give you feedback on the change in the rate of bone loss. Your physician will adjust your program based on the test results. This follow-up care is a critical component of the OstiGen™ program for managing your bone health.
When diagnosed and treated early, osteoporosis does not have to rob you of your quality of life. Maintain your bone health, when you stay on the OstiGen™ program.