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What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis, literally porous bone from the Greek roots, is a disease “characterized by low bone mass and structural deterioration of bone tissue, leading to bone fragility and an increased susceptibility to fractures of the hip, spine, and wrist” (National Osteoporosis Foundation).

Our bodies go through continuous bone-building cycles during the lifetime, in which old bone is broken down and new bone is formed. Osteoporosis is caused by an imbalance in this cycle, in which too much bone is broken down and not completely built.

Because bone loss occurs without symptoms until fracture, osteoporosis is often called a silent killer. Patients most often become aware they have osteoporosis when a slight bump or fall causes a fracture.

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